Ladakh is a high altitude destination. It is therefore advised that you acclimatise yourself to the altitude and its environment, particularly if you land up in Leh by flight. High altitude sickness can occur to anyone at altitudes above 3,000m (10,000ft). Mild symptoms include headache, lethargy, dizziness, loss of sleep and appetite.
Inner Line Permit
Ladakh being a frontier area, certain areas are restricted for visitors. However, since 1994, new areas are open for tourist, but with an ‘Inner Line Permit’, which is available from the District Collector's office or arranged by a tour operator. All you need is a copy of your passport or identity card.
The Road Route
On the Srinagar-Leh Road, you journey through Zoji La (3529m), Namika La (3720m) and Fotu La (4094m).
On the Manali-Leh Road, your journey takes you through Rothang La (3978m), Baralacha La (4950m), Nakee La (4950m), Lachung La (5065m) and Taglang La (5317m).
Weather and Climate
The altitude range causes wide variations in climate even within Ladakh. Summer is short, from June to August, with temperatures varying between Max 25°C - 30°C and Min around 15°C. Winter is chilling and long with temperatures dropping to Max 5°C and Min -25°C.
Spring and Autumn are very short and cold too. It is because of this peculiar climate that Ladakh is often classified as a Cold Desert.
You may experience a scorching sun and chilling wind on the same day. Carry appropriate clothing and keep a reserve of woolens. A little snack with sufficient water to last a day should be handy. A pair of sun glasses with some sun screen cream helps you in this heat. Sun block creams with a SPF factor of 50 or more only will help, especially if you are sensitive to UV. The so called autumn and spring are also relatively cold, if not freezing. If you arrive even in the month of May or September, it would make sense to have a heater in your room. However, avoid LPG heating devices.